Lavender: Lavandula angustifolia, Lavandula latifolia
Lavender is an evergreen plant native to the Mediterranean area. The plant grows to a height of about 3 feet and has purple (lilac-colored) flowers. The uses of lavender date back thousands of the years. The ancient Greeks recommended lavender flowers for chest congestion. The Romans used it to lift the spirits of those who were down and actually scented public baths with lavender flowers. In many places in Europe, a tea made from the flowers was taken to relieve stress and anxiety.
For years herbalists have used the flowers to ease spasms, relieve anxiety, help fatigue, and clear the breathing passages. In folk medicine, the flowers were taken for stomach upsets, nausea, and fainting spells. In addition, the flowers can be used to flavor jellies, tea, wine, and garnishes.
Lavender is regarded as one of the most useful and versatile essences for therapeutic purposes. Herbalists have used the essential oil for head pains, loss of consciousness, and cramps. Lavender is also known to have a powerful antivenom property that starts neutralizing the poison of a snake or insect bite immediately after it is applied.